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Modify Your Thinking About How Federal Contract Dollars Are Awarded.

Posted By Guy Timberlake, The American Small Business Coalition, LLC, Thursday, July 31, 2014
Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014

Modify Your Thinking About How Federal Contract Dollars Are Awarded.

Our Uncle Sam spends a lot of money every fiscal year buying lots of goods and services to support a variety of domestic and overseas needs. As a result, there are billions hundreds of billions of dollars awarded to companies of all sizes via competitive and non-competitive purchasing methods. I've often wondered how many of these dollars are actually 'up for grabs' so to speak. I'm not referring to non-competed or sole source buys, I mean dollars added via a modification to an existing contract, agreement (BPA, BOA), call (order against a BPA), delivery order, task order or purchase order.

Generally speaking, modifications are bilateral and unilateral actions used by agencies to make changes to awards (such as delivery orders, purchase orders, BPA Calls and definitive contracts) and to indefinite delivery vehicles (such as GSA Schedules, BPAs, BOAs, GWACs, IDIQs and MACs). Examples of changes include:

   - Additional Work
   - Change Order
   - Change PIID (Contract Number)
   - Exercise an Option
   - Terminate for Cause
   - Vendor Address Change

In the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS-NG) there are twenty codes and reasons for agencies to choose from when issuing a modification.

What follows are two images that represent fiscal spending by the U.S. Government during FY2013 and FY2014 year-to-date where the obligations are associated with the FPDS-NG 'Reason for Modification Description.' The line highlighted in yellow represents dollars obligated without modification and the green highlighted section represents the grand total of obligations for the respective fiscal year.




To get a ground-level view of what it looks like at the agency or agencies your doing business with, pull the same data from FPDS-NG (five attributes) and add filters for the agency or contracting office and the applicable NAICS or PSC Codes. You can also view it by contract vehicle, vendor and more. It might be very revealing.

Not sure how to tap the FPDS-NG system to extract this information? Give us a call or click here.


The Chief Visionary

"The person who says it cannot be done should not interrupt the person doing it."

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